You can find on this page the Bangkok (Krung Thep) topographic map to print and to download in PDF. The Bangkok (Krung Thep) elevation map present the topography, river and relief of Bangkok (Krung Thep) in Thailand.
The Bangkok (Krung Thep) topographic map shows elevation, hills and landforms in Bangkok (Krung Thep). This elevation map of Bangkok (Krung Thep) will allow you to know topography, river and relief of Bangkok (Krung Thep) in Thailand. The Bangkok (Krung Thep) topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Bangkok (Krung Thep) lies about an elevation of two meters (6.5 ft) above sea level as you can see in Bangkok (Krung Thep) elevation map, which causes problems for the protection of the city against floods during the monsoon season. Occasionally after a downpour, water in canals and the river overflows the banks, resulting in floods in some areas. The Bangkok (Krung Thep) Metropolitan Administration (BMA) has recently installed higher banks alongside some canals to keep water levels from reaching street level. There are however some downsides for Bangkok extensive canal routes, as the city is rumored to be sinking an average of two inches a year as it lies entirely on a swamp and there are fears that Thailand capital will be submerged by 2030.
Bangkok (Krung Thep) is in the Chao Phraya River delta in Thailand central plains. The river meanders through the city in a southward direction, emptying into the Gulf of Thailand approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the city centre. The area is flat and low-lying, with an average elevation of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level as its shown in Bangkok (Krung Thep) elevation map. Most of the area was originally swampland, which was gradually drained and irrigated for agriculture via the construction of canals (khlong) which took place throughout the 16th to 19th centuries. The course of the river as it flows through Bangkok (Krung Thep) has been modified by the construction of several shortcut canals.
Subsidence has resulted in increased flood risk, as Bangkok (Krung Thep) is already prone to flooding due to its low elevation and inadequate drainage infrastructure resulting from rapid urbanization. The city now relies on flood barriers and augmenting drainage from canals by pumping and building drain tunnels, but parts of Bangkok (Krung Thep) and its suburbs are still regularly affected by flooding. There are no mountains in Bangkok (Krung Thep), the closest mountain range being the Khao Khiao Massif, located about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of the city as its mentioned in Bangkok (Krung Thep) elevation map. Phu Khao Thong, the only hill in the metropolitan area, originated in a very large chedi that King Rama III (1787–1851) decided to build at Wat Saket. The chedi collapsed during construction because the soft soil of Bangkok (Krung Thep) could not support the weight. Over the next few decades, the abandoned mud-and-brick structure acquired the shape of a natural hill and became overgrown with weeds. The locals called it "phu khao" (ภูเขา), as if it were a natural feature. In the 1940s surrounding concrete walls were added to stop the hill from eroding.